Hi all, Just like field hockey has seen tremendous changes since the sport started out (most notably the switch from natural grass to an artificial playing surface), I have always been keen on noting the rules changes that took place with respect to goalkeeper kit. The current rules state that the goalkeeper's hand protectors must have a maximum width of 228 mm and a maximum length of 355 mm when laid flat, palm upwards. Also, there should be no mechanism to retain the stick in the hand protector when the stick is not held in the hand. The leg guards should have a maximum width of 300 mm. I had a few questions regarding the rule changes that have taken place over the years with respect to goalkeeper's kits: 1. When were helmets made mandatory for goalkeepers? Plenty of archived images show goalkeepers wearing ice-hockey style face masks. I have attached an instance of Dutch goalkeeper Maarten Sikking wearing one such face mask during a match in 1973. 2. I also have been very curious about hand protectors. Goalkeepers in yesteryears used leather gloves with separate fingers. Many images show goalkeepers even holding the sticks in their left hands. 2a. Were goalkeepers allowed to hold sticks in either hands, given that today all hand protectors are such that the right hand is the stick hand and the left hand is the blocker? Attached is another image of Indian goalkeeper Romeo James during the 1982 Asiad Games in Delhi holding the stick in his left hand. 2b. Were goalkeepers allowed to catch the ball with their gloves? I feel like having distinct fingers in the gloves would make this possible. I found one an image of Canadian goalkeeper Ajay Dube making a save while almost catching the ball with his glove during the 1988 Seoul Olympics. 3. When did the rules change to switch from gloves with "fingers" to the hand protectors (LHP + RHP) that we see today? I think this was around 95 - 96, since the Atlanta 1996 Olympics was the first instance where I see goalkeepers using contemporary hand protectors. I found an image of Indian keeper Ashish Ballal during the 96 Champions Trophy using a traditional right hand stick glove and the new left hand protector (the blocker). Perhaps this was the transition period (image attached). It appears to me that previous goalkeeper gloves had both left and right hands as flexible. An image of Ian Taylor is attached from the 1988 Olympic games which shows his Slazenger gloves. I believe over time the left hand glove was made rigid with foam to act as a blocking surface. I have attached an image of Simon Mason in early 1996 for the kit launch using the "fingered" gloves, but with the left hand with significant foam for blocking shots. Similar gloves are seen in the attached shot of the German women's goalkeeper using TK gloves in the 1992 Olympics. Of course even the leg guards have changed significantly, from resembling cricket style pads to the modern day high rebound foam and moulded shapes. Looking forward to hearing your insight in to the evolution of the kit!